by petit zozio
Musical instruments are often things of wonder… how did the violin come to develop its shape, or the saxophone? Some wind instruments are less mysterious in design than the stings but many of these shapes are hundreds of years old. How did they come to be.
The principal of wind instruments are fairly straight forward and can be explained with a set of Pan pipes. If a whistle sound is made and sent through a length of tuned pipe the rules are constant the shorter pipe emits a high note while the longer a low note. Thus it is a matter of tuning the lengths of the lengths of the pipes to get exactly the right note.
A Recorder or Tin whistle is exactly the same but instead of a set of pipes next to each other it has a set of holes at the appropriate distances along the length of the pipe to allow them to be closed or open. By this method it is possible to play tunes on one pipe by closing and opening the holes as required. The note will always be determined by the shortest distance to an open hole.
The initial trumpets were long and required some effort to open and close the valves until it was realized that the length is what mattered and if the tube was bent round on itself it mattered not at all. Thus the current form of the trumpet and the horn. The trombone alters its notes by the slide which lengthens the tube as the notes drop and the slide slides out.
Another challenge came with getting the consistency of the sound correct. Any novice who has tried to blow on a recorder will make horrible and inconsistent noises until they get their breath control even and correct.
It is the same with the flute where the sound is determined by the even passing of the breath over the flue which resonates down the tube where the flautist manipulates the sound by the opening and closing of the stops. The flute is normally the truest sounding instrument in the orchestra and the “A” is the single note that is played on a flute as an orchestra tunes up.
There are 2 members of the woodwinds that employ the vibration of air passing through reeds to create the consistent sound. The clarinet has one and the oboe a double reed. These all provide their own unique timbre of sound in an orchestra.
All instruments, with the possible exception of the recorder, need maintenance and repair from time to time. There is a specialist at instrument repair in Phoenix who is an expert at repairing and restoring wind instruments, both Brass and Woodwinds. Stops get sticky, pads wear out and a drop or bump may damage a lever of create a dent which results in a flawed sound. The same is true of woodwinds. Cracks do appear and need repairing.
One will surely want the repair to be done by an expert who has had many years experience in repairing all sorts of instruments. If you have a wind instrument that needs attention you are recommended to visit the instrument repair in Phoenix, Arizona.
Agave Music Inc. is a locally owned and operated wind music instrument repair in Phoenix, Arizona. Their goal is to strengthen school music and live entertainment in Arizona through quality repairs, used instrument sales and accessory sales.