The pitch produced by the violin is determined by the fingerboard, where the fingers of your left hand are positioned and the particular string you are pressing down on. To produce a certain musical note on the violin you have to bring one of the four strings to a stop by exerting downward pressure with your finger onto a particular string.
This reduces the length of vibration of that particular string and that action will then produce the desired musical note. Although, playing the correct notes on the violin is more difficult than you may realize. If you press down at the wrong point of the fingerboard you will be playing a note that is not in tune.
On the violin there are no real clear markers that act as a visual and kinesthetic (feel or touch) guide to indicate to you the note you are playing on the violin. Unlike the guitar, the violin has no frets that help indicate to you where your fingers should be placed to produce a particular note or sound. That is the main reason why the guitar is regarded as easier instrument to learn than the violin.
To help guide you through the different positions on the fingerboard, there are a variety of specific positions on the finger board. These positions are named one to four in the low positions (low meaning closer to the nut of the violin) and five to eight in the high positions (higher position refers to bring closer to the bridge of the violin.
If you are a beginner violin player it is best to master the low positions first. Then later on learn how to play the higher positions as these require more skill and competence to master.
If your fingers are closer to the bridge of the violin, then the notes that you will play will be ones of a higher pitch.
When you are nearer to the nut of the violin, the notes will therefore be lower in pitch and sound.
As you progress further and know how to play violin that bit better, you will soon learn where to positions your fingers on the fingerboard in a way where you can instinctively land your fingers in the correct positions to produce the desired musical notes.
It’s just like typing on the computer keyboard. Soon enough, your fingers will know where to land by themselves, without you even having to put much conscious or mental effort into doing it.
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